The role of predatory insects in the reduction of populations of aphid pests on sunflower. 20 (1), 49-51. (La P.B.I. Influence of cover crops on insect pests and predators in conservation tillage cotton. Ferre A, 2008. The lifecycle of a ladybird consists of 4 stages: egg, larvae, pupae, and adult. Coccinellids and chrysopids as native predators of sucking pests in relation to rainfed cotton production system. Coccinella septempunctata is a common species occurring in many different habitats including gardens, grassland, and broad-leaved and mixed forests. (2007) found that consumption by C. septempunctata larvae significantly increased with increasing density of the mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi. Slough, UK: Richmond Publishing Co. Ltd. 103 pp. Additional threats include rival ladybird species, which are often cannibalistic in nature. In June 1973, several individuals were found in Hackensack Meadowlands, Bergen County, New Jersey; this was thought to be due to accidental introduction (Angalet and Jacques, 1975). BioControl, 53(1):223-233. http://www.springerlink.com/link.asp?id=102853, Johnson J, 1983. Chromosome numbers, C-banding patterns and sperm of some ladybird species from Central Europe (Coleoptera, Coccinellidae). The final larval skin of the pre-pupa sheds right back to the point of attachment. In: IOBC/WPRS, Working group "Integrated Protection of Olive Crops" Proceedings of the meeting, Florence, Italy, 26-28 October 2005 [ed. Demographic analysis of reproduction in Nearctic and Palaearctic populations of Coccinella septempunctata and Propylea quatuordecimpunctata. Triltsch (1999) found fungal spores (mainly conidia of Alternaria), pollen and thrips, together with other non-aphid arthropods, in the guts of field-collected adults and larvae. This cannibalism is also common in several other ladybirds. In: Biodiversity Data Journal, 2:e4034. Kriz J C, Danielson S D, Brandle J R, Blankenship E E, 2006. Krafsur et al.  There are one or two generations per year. The occurrence and distribution of Coccinella septempunctata (L.) in Manitoba and Saskatchewan. Jong PW de, Holloway GJ, Brakefield PM, Vos H de, 1991. Marzo L de, 1982. For example, Arshad and Rizvi (2008) observed the survival and fecundity of C. septempunctata at varying temperatures (18±1, 24±1°C and 28±1°C), 65±5% RH and 12 h L:12 h D photoperiod under laboratory conditions for two successive generations. VIII International Plant Protection Congress, Moscow 1975. Claire Beverley, CABI, Nosworthy Way, Wallingford, Oxon OX10 8DE, UK. Hagerty AM, Pantoja A, Emmert SY, 2009. Nath D K, Sen B, 1976. 64-72. Ahmad MM, Ahmad SB, 2009. Aphidophagous coccinellids (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) on sugar beet on irrigation and no irrigation calcareous chernozem. Prey density, temperature (Majerus and Kearns, 1989) and prey species (Obrycki and Orr, 1990) can affect the length of the larval stage. Maula, A. K. M. M., Shah, M. M. R., Siddquie, N. A., Mamun, M. A. en culture extérieure ou sous abri ouvert.) Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi, 29(3):225-235. http://agr.ege.edu.tr/~turkento/index.html. For a general overview of overwintering in ladybirds refer to Majerus and Kearns (1989), for example. Entomological News. Schaefer PW, Semyanov VP, 1992. Their diet includes the eggs and larvae of Psyllidae (jumping plant lice) Cicadellidae (leafhopper), specific beetles, and butterflies. Murakami Y, Tsubaki Y, 1984. [English title not available]. by Dhaliwal G S, Arora R, Randhawa N S, Dhawan A K]. 7th International Safflower Conference, Wagga Wagga, New South Wales, Australia, 3-6 November, 2008 [ed. Kiziltepe F, Isikber AA, Tunaz H, Er MK, Mart C, Uygun N, Satar S, 2009. Kontodimas DC, Milonas PG, Stathas GJ, Papanikolaou NE, Skourti A, Matsinos YG, 2007. 20 (2), 135-139. Study on the safety of Tracer to major predatory natural enemies in Xinjiang cotton field. Comparative toxicity of two pesticides to adults of Coccinella septempunctata Linn. Amin A H, Muhammed S H, 2008. I. Marienkafer baissen am Strand.) Talpur MA, Khuhro RD, 2004. 60 (4), 584-588. Indian Journal of Entomology. Disney RHL, Majerus MEN, Walpole MJ, 1994. The establishment of Coccinella septempunctata L. in the continental United States. Angewandte Parasitologie, 12:113-115. Zhongguo Shengtai Nongye Xuebao / Chinese Journal of Eco-Agriculture, 17(4):728-733. ], 105(3):495-501. http://www.eje.cz/scripts/content.php. Study on the safety of Tracer to major predatory natural enemies in Xinjiang cotton field. http://explorer.natureserve.org/servlet/NatureServe?searchName=Coccinella+septempunctata. (Noi contribuții privind cunoașterea speciilor de coleoptere epigee din plantațiile de viță-di-vie.). DOI:10.1656/1092-6194(2000)007[0241:AITSON]2.0.CO;2. Journal of Advanced Zoology. (2007) as 94.9 days at a constant temperature of 25±1°C, 65±2% RH and 16L:8D. Insect pest complex and seasonal incidence in linseed with particular reference to bud fly (Dasineura lini Barnes). The colouration develops over time and the red colour of the background deepens over the next weeks and months. Ladybirds. Natskova V, 1977. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium "Ecology of Aphidophaga 10", September 2007, Athens, Greece [ed. Coccinella septempunctata (seven-spot ladybird). Recovery of the seven-spotted lady beetle, Coccinella septempunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), in Iowa and Missouri. Ostrinia nubilalis parasitism and the field abundance of non-target insects in transgenic Bacillus thuringiensis corn (Zea mays). Sour cherry pests, their natural enemies, and observations on some important species in Çubuk (Ankara) county in Turkey. Polskie Pismo Entomologiczne. Zoologicheskii Zhurnal, 87(12):1472-1475. Haubruge E, Vanlerberghe-Masutti F, Collignon P, Francis F, 2002. Klausnitzer B, 2006. 60 pp. 6 (2), 337-342. Pranikee, 4:415-418. The minimum mean length of generation and doubling time were 40.77 and 8.26 days, respectively at 28±1°C and the maximum values were 48.27 and 9.08 days, respectively at 18±1°C. European Journal of Entomology [Proceedings of the International Symposium "Ecology of Aphidophaga 10", held in September 2007 in Athens, Greece. This normally includes small herbaceous plants, shrubs and trees in open fields, grasslands, marshes, agricultural fields, suburban gardens and parks. Turnock W J, Timlick B, Doane J F, Soroka J, 1990. Jansen J P, Hautier L, 2008. Mandal S M A, Patnaik N C, 2008. Elliott N, Kieckhefer R, Kauffman W, 1996. (Rolul insectelor prădătoare în reducerea populațiilor de afide dăunătoare culturilor de floarea-soarelui.). Northeastern Naturalist. Interaction between plant resistance and predation of Aphis fabae (Homoptera: Aphididae) by Coccinella septempunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae). Sarhad Journal of Agriculture, 23(3):705-711. Cranshaw W, Jevremovic Z, Sclar D C, Mannix L, 2000.  The species has undergone significant declines on the island of Malta, yet it is unclear whether this decline has occurred at the same rate elsewhere. Naturalists' Handbooks. COSEWIC Special report on the changes in the status and geographic ranges on the Canadian lady beetles Coleoptera: Coccinellidae: Coccinellinae and the selection of candidate species for risk, in Canada. Lady beetles (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae: Coccinellini) associated with Alaskan agricultural crops. Ahlen, Germany. There are reports of it feeding on the greenhouse whitefly, Trialeurodes vaporariorum (Ravinder Kumar and Gupta, 2006), nymphs of the citrus psylla, Diaphorina citri (Gupta and Bhatia, 2000), hawthorn mealybug nymphs, Phenacoccus dearnessi (Cranshaw et al., 2000), the Colorado potato beetle (Leptinotarsa decemlineata) (Gusev et al., 1983) and Bemisia tabaci (Zhang et al., 2007). IOBC/WPRS, Working group "Integrated Protection of Olive Crops". Türkiye Entomoloji Dergisi. Ladybirds have a voracious appetite, and their primary diet includes small aphids. Recovery of the seven-spotted lady beetle, Coccinella septempunctata (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae), in Iowa and Missouri. Role of useful insects in the control of Thrips tabaci Lind. Morphological observations on some forms of spermatheca in Rhynchota and Coleoptera.
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